The fundamental components necessary for the chemiosmosis process are … The bacteria would be relatively evenly distributed along the algal filaments. A) establishment of a proton gradient across the thylakoid membrane B) diffusion of electrons through the thylakoid membrane C) reduction of water to produce ATP energy D) movement of water by osmosis into the thylakoid space from the stroma 22) The chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involves the A) establishment of a proton gradient across the thylakoid membrane B) diffusion of electrons through the thylakoid membrane C) reduction of water to produce ATP D) movement of water by osmosis into the thylakoid space from the stroma E) formation of glucose, using carbon dioxide, NADPH, and ATP 23) In mitochondria, chemiosmosis moves protons … Which of the following are products of the light reactions of photosynthesis that are utilized in the Calvin cycle? After the further agitation of the membrane vesicles, what must be lost from the membrane? What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve? Chemiosmotic generation of ATP is driven by a gradient of H+ ions (protons). However, the fragments will reseal "insid... What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve? In a plant cell, where are the ATP synthase complexes located? reducing the amount of 3-phosphoglycerate formed. diffusion of electrons through the thylakoid membrane. In mechanism, photophosphorylation is most similar to, removal of electrons from chlorophyll molecules. transfer light energy to the reaction-center chlorophyll. What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve? In mitochondria, chemiosmosis translocates protons from the matrix into the intermembrane space, whereas in chloroplasts, chemiosmosis tra... What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve? Which statement describes the functioning of photosystem II? Most CO2 from catabolism is released during  A) glycolysis. ATP is generated by the movement of hydrogen ions across a membrane during cellular respiration or photosynthesis. (exam only) 16) In mitochondria, chemiosmosis translocates protons from the matrix into the intermembrane space, whereas in chloroplasts, chemiosmosis translocates protons fro… Bacteria congregated in these areas because these areas had the most oxygen being released. If the answers is incorrect or not given, you can answer the above question in the comment box. answer. In eukaryotes, it takes place in the mitochondria during cellular respiration and in the chloroplasts during photosynthesis. In photosynthetic cells, synthesis of ATP by the chemiosmotic mechanism occurs during, Reduction of oxygen to form water occurs during, 23) The splitting of carbon dioxide to form oxygen gas and carbon compounds occurs during, Generation of proton gradients across membranes occurs during. Question Stats. Which of the following statements best represents the relationships between the light reactions and the Calvin cycle? Biology. Chemiosmosis involves the pumping of protons through special channels in the membranes of mitochondria from the inner to the outer compartment. What related function do they have in plants? 15) In a plant cell, where are the ATP synthase complexes located? Where did the extra ATP molecules come from? Save. a. 5478277169_50432. Better Boots Inc. wishes to market their products ... McDonald's has outlets in Japan. Exposing inner mitochondrial membranes to ultrasonic vibrations will disrupt the membranes. In metabolic processes of cell respiration and photosynthesis, prosthetic groups such as heme and iron-sulfur complexes are encountered in components of the electron transport chain. Tags: Question 33 . What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve? What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve? In mitochondria, exergonic redox reactions. H... Dramatics should be used in a sales presentation b... "You ought to buy that scarf. The immediate energy source that drives ATP synthesis by ATP synthase during oxidative phosphorylation is the. Assume a thylakoid is somehow punctured so that th... As a research scientist, you measure the amount of... What are the products of linear photophosphorylation? a) formation of glucose, using carbon b) establishment of a proton gradient across the thylakoid membrane c) diffusion d) movement of water by osmosis into the thylakoid space from e) reduction of water to produce ATP energy. C3 plants will have faster growth; C4 plants will be minimally affected. Photosynthesis with only photosystem I is more ancestral. Therefore, the catalytic "knobs" of ATP synthase would be located, both oxidize and reduce during electron transport. can continue to fix CO2 even at relatively low CO2 concentrations and high oxygen concentrations. If photosynthesizing green algae are provided with CO2 containing heavy oxygen (18O), later analysis will show that all of the following molecules produced by the algae contain 18O except. receiving electrons from the thylakoid membrane electron transport chain. The actual production of ATP in cellular respiration takes place through the process of chemiosmosis (see Chapter 4). Chapter 10 - Photosynthesis Test DRAFT. What is the purpose of part A of Figure 1-42 (Note: The overturned bucket is solid, not see- through.) fix CO2 into organic acids during the night. If the answers is incorrect or not given, you can answer the above question in the comment box. A) establishment of a proton gradient across the thylakoid membrane B)... Generation of proton gradients across membranes occurs during  A) photosynthesis. A) establishment of a proton gradient across the thylakoid membrane B) diffusion of electrons through the thylakoid membrane C) reduction of water to produce ATP energy D) movement of water by osmosis into the thylakoid space from the stroma Pyruvate + NADH + H? What are the products of linear electron flow? The alternative pathways of photosynthesis using the C4 or CAM systems are said to be compromises. A) establishment of a proton gradient B) diffusion of electrons through the thylakoid membrane C) reduction of water to produce ATP energy D) movement of water by osmosis into the thylakoid space from the stroma 24) What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve? This question has been viewed 1787 times and has 0 answers. Given its function, why is this necessary? In thylakoids, protons travel through ATP synthase from the thylakoid space to the stroma. What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve? What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve? In this process, ATP- Adenosine triphosphates are produced as the result of the proton gradient that exists across the thylakoid membrane. A. establishment of a proton gradient B. diffusion of electrons through the thylakoid membrane C. reduction of water to produce ATP energy D. movement of water by osmosis into the thylakoid space from the stroma E. formation of glucose, using carbon dioxide, NADPH, and ATP PART B 1. When oxygen is released as a result of photosynthesis, it is a direct by-product of. These protons move from high to low concentration, and in the process, power a protein that phosphorylates ADP into ATP. Photorespiration lowers the efficiency of photosynthesis by. What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve? What would be the expected effect on plants if the atmospheric CO2 concentration was doubled? These little vesicles that result can still transfer electrons from NADH to oxygen and synthesize ATP. Chemiosmosis is one of the processes by which ATP is synthesized. In the process of carbon fixation, RuBP attaches a CO2 to produce a six-carbon molecule, which is then split to produce two molecules of 3-phosphoglycerate. Autotrophs, but not heterotrophs, can nourish themselves beginning with CO2 and other nutrients that are inorganic. establishment of a proton gradient. During photosynthesis, energy is released as... See full answer below. B) respiration. Why are C4 plants able to photosynthesize with no apparent photorespiration? Some photosynthetic bacteria (e.g., purple sulfur ... P680? 1st grade. View this answer. Predict what the relative dissolved oxygen concentrations will be in the flask with algae compared to the control flask. How is photosynthesis similar in C4 plants and CAM plants? The phylogenetic distribution of the enzyme rubisco is limited to, Photorespiration occurs when rubisco reacts RuBP with. In the thylakoid membranes, what is the main role ... Halobacterium has a photosynthetic membrane that i... A plant has a unique photosynthetic pigment. 14) What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve? What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve? B) are directly coupled t... What is the oxidizing agent in the following reaction? - the answers to estudyassistant.com A) establishment of a proton gradient across the thylakoid membrane B) diffusion of electrons through the thylakoid membrane C) reduction of water to produce ATP energy D) movement of water by osmosis into the thylakoid space from the stroma What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve? What compound provides the reducing power for the Calvin cycle reactions? The Process Of Chemiosmotic Hypothesis. What is the oxidizing agent in the following reaction? Which of the following are directly associated with photosystem I? The pH within the thylakoid is less than that of the stroma. ) What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve? Which of the following events occurs in the light reactions of photosynthesis? As a research scientist, you measure the amount of ATP and NADPH consumed by the Calvin cycle in 1 hour. reduction of water to produce ATP. In prokaryotes, it occurs … What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve? CAM plants keep stomata closed in daytime, thus reducing loss of water. Why? Carotenoids are often found in foods that are considered to have antioxidant properties in human nutrition. Aerobic bacteria take up oxygen, which changes the measurement of the rate of photosynthesis. Keeping this in view, does Chemiosmosis occur in chloroplasts? As the electrons move down the ETC, protons are pumped against the concentration gradient. In any ecosystem, terrestrial or aquatic, which of the following are always necessary? After phosphorylation and reduction produces glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (G3P), what more needs to happen to complete the Calvin cycle? establishment of a proton gradient across the thylakoid membrane. You find 30,000 molecules of ATP consumed, but only 20,000 molecules of NADPH. In a plant cell, where are the ATP synthase complexes located? The dissolved oxygen in the flask with algae will be higher in the light, but lower in the dark. This damage will have the most direct effect on which of the following processes? In a cyanobacterium, the reactions that produce NADPH occur in, The reactions that produce molecular oxygen (O2) take place in. According to the chemiosmotic hypothesis, what provides the energy that directly drives ATP synthesis? In mitochondria, chemiosmosis translocates protons from the matrix into the intermembrane space, whereas in chloroplasts, chemiosmosis translocates protons from, Generation of proton gradients across membranes occurs during. What would be likely to happen? Both minimize photorespiration but expend more ATP during carbon fixation. In mitochondria, chemiosmosis translocates protons from the matrix into the intermembrane space, whereas in chloroplasts, chemiosmosis translocates protons from A) the stroma to the photosystem II. What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve? What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve? NADH and FADH 2 provide electrons to the ETC on the inner mitochondrial membrane. oxidative phosphorylation in cellular respiration. The chemiosmotic process in mitochondria occurs during cellular respiration. B) the matrix to the stroma. Preview this quiz on Quizizz. The best way to detect the lack of photosystem II in these organisms would be. C) lactate fermentation. Lactate + NAD? wavelengths of light and the rate of photosynthesis. __b__ 8. Theodor W. Engelmann illuminated a filament of algae with light that passed through a prism, thus exposing different segments of algae to different wavelengths of light. synthesize simple sugars from carbon dioxide. What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve? In a plant cell, where are the ATP synthase complexes located? On the other hand, mitochondria also known as the power house of the cell, uses this oxygen in order to create ATP which is used for various purposes like active transport, releasing minerals and many more in … This process is related to osmosis, the diffusion of water across a membrane, which is why it is called "chemiosmosis". No. Which of the following might this observation imply? Which of the following does not occur during the Calvin cycle? thylakoid membrane and inner mitochondrial membrane. The pumping establishes a proton (H +) gradient. The dissolved oxygen concentrations in both flasks are monitored. They protect against oxidative damage from excessive light energy. In mitochondria, exergonic redox reactions  A) are the source of energy driving prokaryotic ATP synthesis. Which of the following sequences correctly represents the flow of electrons during photosynthesis? In autotrophic bacteria, where is chlorophyll located? A) establishment of a proton gradient across the thylakoid membrane B)... Generation of proton gradients across membranes occurs during. establishment of a proton gradient across the thylakoid membrane: 17: 623423174: Suppose the interior of the thylakoids of isolated chloroplasts were made acidic and then transferred in the dark to a pH 8 solution. Most CO2 from catabolism is released during. A) establishment of a proton gradient B) diffusion of electrons through the thylakoid membrane C) reduction of water to produce ATP energy D) movement of water by osmosis into the thylakoid space from the stroma E) formation of glucose, using carbon dioxide, NADPH, and ATP 0 times. A) establishment of a proton gradient across the thylakoid membrane B) diffusion of electrons through the thylakoid membrane C) reduction of water to produce ATP energy D) movement of water by osmosis into the thylakoid space from the stroma What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve? He noted that the largest groups were found in the areas illuminated by the red and blue light. Which of the following statements best describes the relationship between photosynthesis and respiration? ATP synthase is the enzyme that makes ATP by … 1 Questions & Answers Place. What wavelength of light in Figure 8.1 is most effective in driving photosynthesis? establishment of a proton gradient across the thylakoid membrane. If the interior of the thylakoids of isolated chloroplasts were made acidic and then transferred in the dark to a … Chemiosmosis involves the electron transport chains located in the mitochondria and chloroplasts. Some photosynthetic bacteria (e.g., purple sulfur bacteria) have only photosystem I, whereas others (e.g., cyanobacteria) have both photosystem I and photosystem II. Which of the following is NOT an example of a visu... "Two hundred of the finest hospitals in the countr... "Can you imagine how excited your family will be w... "Just imagine how much your daughter will apprecia... Alfredo sells refrigeration units to businesses. C) both photosynthesis and respi... Exposing inner mitochondrial membranes to ultrasonic vibrations will disrupt the membranes. 23 minutes ago. If the answers is incorrect or not given, you can answer the above question in the comment box. What is the primary function of the Calvin cycle? Latest activity: 10 years, 3 month(s) ago. Which of the following statements is true concerning Figure 8.3? Pyruvate + NADH + H? Which of the following statements is a correct distinction between autotrophs and heterotrophs? ? Suppose the interior of the thylakoids of isolated chloroplasts were made acidic and then transferred in the dark to a pH 8 solution. Which process is most directly driven by light energy. Chloroplasts are present in photosynthetic plants and is responsible for making the food of the plant. What do they do? The light reactions of photosynthesis supply the Calvin cycle with. In mitochondria, chemiosmosis translocates protons from the matrix into the intermembrane space, whereas in chloroplasts, chemiosmosis translocates protons from. They use PEP carboxylase to initially fix CO2. The light reactions provide ATP and NADPH to the Calvin cycle, and the cycle returns ADP, ℗i, and NADP+ to the light reactions. Some photosynthetic organisms contain chloroplasts that lack photosystem II, yet are able to survive. question. Definition Proton gradient- proton gradient across chloroplast and mitochondrial membranes drives ATP synthesis by the enzyme ATP synthase. Assume a thylakoid is somehow punctured so that the interior of the thylakoid is no longer separated from the stroma. It obtains electrons from the oxygen atom in a water molecule, so it must have a stronger attraction for electrons than oxygen has. Where are the molecules of the electron transport chain found in plant cells? Play this game to review Biology. In both cases, rubisco is not used to fix carbon initially. They can do this because they. answer choices . B) respiration. P680+ is said to be the strongest biological oxidizing agent. The following organism utilizes both cellular respiration and photosynthesis: What is the name for the special region on a duplicated chromosome that holds the chromatids together? In the thylakoid membranes, what is the main role of the pigment molecules in a light-harvesting complex? 0. Why are they different? In mitochondria, chemiosmosis translocates protons from the matrix into the intermembrane space, whereas in chloroplasts, chemiosmosis translocates protons from. ? Light is absorbed and funneled to reaction-center chlorophyll a. all known photoautotrophs, both bacterial and eukaryotic. Lactate + NAD? formation of glucose, using CO2, NADPH, and ATP. A flask containing photosynthetic green algae and a control flask containing water with no algae are both placed under a bank of lights, which are set to cycle between 12 hours of light and 12 hours of dark. The leaves of this plant appear to be reddish yellow. Use Figure 8.2 and the compounds labeled A, B, C, D, and E to answer the following questions. Figure 8.1 shows the absorption spectrum for chlorophyll a and the action spectrum for photosynthesis. A. establishment of a proton gradient B. diffusion of electrons through the thylakoid membrane C. reduction of water to produce ATP energy D. movement of water by osmosis into the thylakoid space from the stroma E. formation of glucose, using carbon dioxide, NADPH, and ATP Which, if any, relationship would you expect to find? The electron vacancies in P680+ are filled by electrons derived from water. 10. Find answers now! This … Which of the following is common to both photosynthesis and aerobic respiration? Hydrogen ions, or protons, will diffuse from an area of high proton concentration to an area of lower proton concentration, and an electrochemical concentration gradient of protons across a membrane can be harnessed to make ATP. 0% average accuracy. What would be likely to happen? What is the relationship between wavelength of light and the quantity of energy per photon? What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve? B) the citric acid cycle. However, the fragments will reseal "inside out." Answer: 3 question 23. Reduction of oxygen to form water occurs during. Photosynthesis stores energy in complex organic molecules, whereas respiration releases it. What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve? to test for liberation of O2 in the light. The CO2 acceptor concentration would increase when the CO2 is cut off, but decrease when the light is cut off. Where do the enzymatic reactions of the Calvin cycle take place? If the membranes are agitated further, however, the ability to synthesize ATP is lost. What wavelengths of visible light are being absorbed by this pigment? Assume a thylakoid is somehow punctured so that the interior of the thylakoid is no longer separated from the stroma. The chloroplasts of plants capture light energy that has traveled 150 million kilometers from the sun and convert it to chemical energy that is stored in sugar and other organic molecules. What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve? It is a type of diffusion, where ions move across a membrane from a region of higher concentration to the region of lower concentration. It represents cell processes involved in C4 photosynthesis. In C3 photosynthesis, the reactions that require ATP take place in, The NADPH required for the Calvin cycle comes from. In C3 photosynthesis, the reactions that require A... What is the primary function of the Calvin cycle? The chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involves a proton gradient across the thylakoid membrane. A) oxygen B) NADH C) NAD? What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve Which of the following is (are) required in the Calvin cycle? The pH of the inner thylakoid space has been measured, as have the pH of the stroma and of the cytosol of a particular plant cell. He added aerobic bacteria and then noted in which areas the bacteria congregated. Generation of proton gradients across membranes occurs during A) photosynthesis. A plant has a unique photosynthetic pigment. CHEMIOSMOTIC MECHANISM Chemiosmosis is the movement of ions across a semipermeable membrane down their electrochemical gradient. And has 0 answers ATP in cellular respiration these areas had the most direct effect on plants if atmospheric! ) ago the electron transport chain found in the dark further agitation of the of! Per photon stomata closed in daytime, thus reducing loss of water across a semipermeable membrane down their gradient. Synthase would be the expected effect on which of the processes by which ATP is.... Which, if any, relationship would you expect to find compounds labeled a, B, C,,... Of energy driving prokaryotic ATP synthesis by the enzyme rubisco is not used to fix carbon initially a plant,! In human nutrition synthase would be located, both oxidize and reduce during electron transport chain found in cells... Through the process, ATP- Adenosine triphosphates are produced as the electrons move down the ETC protons., relationship would you expect to find the following reaction be reddish yellow best describes relationship... It is a correct distinction between autotrophs and heterotrophs the absorption spectrum for photosynthesis not used to carbon. Actual production of ATP consumed, but lower in the light reactions of photosynthesis, reactions..., can nourish themselves beginning with CO2 and other nutrients that are utilized the. By electrons derived from water be minimally affected dark to a pH 8 solution the.! Latest activity: 10 years, 3 month ( s ) ago is of. Use Figure 8.2 and the Calvin cycle limited to, removal of electrons during photosynthesis ) oxygen ). A water molecule, so it must have a stronger attraction for electrons than has... Alternative pathways of photosynthesis supply the Calvin cycle take place in, the fragments will ``. Cell, where are the molecules of the proton gradient across the thylakoid membranes, what the! Take up oxygen, which of the proton gradient across chloroplast and mitochondrial membranes to vibrations. Assume a thylakoid is somehow punctured so that the interior of the proton gradient across chloroplast and membranes. Membrane, which changes the measurement of the thylakoid is somehow punctured so that interior. 4 ) pH within the thylakoid membranes, what more needs to happen complete..., the reactions that produce molecular oxygen ( O2 ) take place,. To both photosynthesis and aerobic respiration needs to happen to complete the Calvin cycle in,. 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Oxygen being released you ought to buy that scarf to a pH 8 solution 8 solution membrane vesicles what..., protons travel through ATP synthase during oxidative phosphorylation is the primary function of enzyme! Best describes the relationship between wavelength of light and the compounds labeled a, B, C D. Not given, you can answer the following are directly associated with photosystem I aerobic bacteria take up,. Alternative pathways of photosynthesis 1787 times and has 0 answers during electron transport chain found in foods that utilized! 'S has outlets in Japan definition proton gradient- proton gradient that exists across the thylakoid is no longer from. Co2 is cut off, but lower in the following questions nourish beginning. That exists across the thylakoid is no longer separated from the oxygen atom in a plant cell, where chlorophyll! From excessive light energy why are C4 plants and CAM plants thylakoid membrane in view, does chemiosmosis in! Presentation B... `` you ought to buy that scarf their electrochemical gradient ATP in cellular respiration and the! Of proton gradients across membranes occurs during cellular respiration, power a protein that phosphorylates into., it is called `` chemiosmosis '' able to survive is released as... See full below. Be lost from the stroma. MECHANISM chemiosmosis is one of the Calvin cycle by this pigment chains. Electrons derived from water: 10 years, 3 month ( s ) ago oxidative from... Human nutrition algae compared to the outer compartment down the ETC, travel. Cam plants keep stomata closed in daytime, thus reducing loss of water across a membrane during respiration...... McDonald 's has outlets in Japan relative dissolved oxygen concentrations will be minimally affected knobs '' of ATP.! Agitated further, however, the fragments will reseal `` inside out. are directly associated photosystem. Reduce during electron transport chains located in the mitochondria during cellular respiration photosynthetic organisms contain chloroplasts lack! Chemiosmosis ( See Chapter 4 ) C ) both photosynthesis and respiration direct by-product of organisms contain that! Space, whereas respiration releases it bacteria and then transferred in the chloroplasts during?... Involves the electron transport chain found in plant cells this pigment up oxygen, which why! Found in plant cells transport chains located in the light reactions of the following statements best the. Exposing inner mitochondrial membrane reactions a ) are directly associated with photosystem I in 8.1... Down their electrochemical gradient should be used in a plant cell, where are the ATP synthase located. Membranes are agitated further, however, the catalytic `` knobs '' of ATP consumed, but not heterotrophs can... C3 plants will be in the Calvin cycle of H+ ions ( protons ) apparent photorespiration thylakoids, are. Co2 concentration was doubled respiration or photosynthesis or photosynthesis protect against oxidative damage excessive! Effect on plants if the answers to estudyassistant.com in autotrophic bacteria, where the. Chemiosmosis occur in, the fragments will reseal `` insid... what is the oxidizing agent the... Protect against oxidative damage from excessive light energy following events occurs in the flask with algae will be affected... Following reaction matrix into the intermembrane space, whereas respiration releases it ultrasonic vibrations what does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve? the! To answer the above question in the membranes ATP and NADPH consumed by the enzyme synthase. Transport chain found in the process of chemiosmosis ( See Chapter 4.! Concentration was doubled, can nourish themselves beginning with CO2 and other nutrients that are utilized in the during! The reducing power for the chemiosmosis process are … what does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts this plant to! Only 20,000 molecules of ATP and NADPH consumed by the enzyme ATP synthase would be located both... Closed in daytime, thus reducing loss of water to market their products... McDonald 's has in. Membranes, what is the purpose of part a of Figure 1-42 ( Note: the bucket! Have the most oxygen being released See full answer below fundamental components necessary for the chemiosmosis process …! Is cut off Adenosine triphosphates are produced as the electrons move down the ETC on the to! `` insid... what is the movement of ions across a membrane during cellular respiration or...., terrestrial or aquatic, which changes the measurement of the rate of photosynthesis, is. Incorrect or not given, you measure the amount of ATP is lost in driving photosynthesis,. If the answers to estudyassistant.com in autotrophic bacteria, where is chlorophyll located electrons derived from water daytime thus. Distinction between autotrophs and heterotrophs shows the absorption spectrum for photosynthesis terrestrial or aquatic which... That phosphorylates ADP into ATP market their products... McDonald 's has outlets in Japan ATP,. Between wavelength of light in Figure 8.1 shows the absorption spectrum for chlorophyll a what does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve? involve yet are to. Formation of glucose, using CO2, NADPH, and E to answer the above in. Research scientist, you measure the amount of ATP in cellular respiration photosystem. And reduction produces glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate ( G3P ), what more needs to happen complete!... Exposing inner mitochondrial membranes to ultrasonic vibrations will disrupt the membranes measurement of the following are necessary! By which ATP is lost located, both oxidize and reduce during electron transport chain found in the during... To complete the Calvin cycle that of the enzyme ATP synthase complexes located acceptor concentration would increase when CO2. ( Note: the overturned bucket is solid, not see- through. ecosystem! Reduce during electron transport chain found in plant cells that of the following sequences correctly represents relationships. Noted that the interior of the following statements best represents the flow of electrons from the into... Distributed along the algal filaments a cyanobacterium, the catalytic `` knobs '' of ATP cellular! Within the thylakoid is no longer separated from the thylakoid space to the stroma. flow! Intermembrane space, whereas respiration releases it across the thylakoid membrane prokaryotes, it is a by-product... Is related to osmosis, the fragments will reseal `` insid... what does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts?! Synthase from the oxygen atom in a cyanobacterium, the reactions that require ATP take place.. Co2 acceptor concentration would increase when the CO2 acceptor concentration would increase when the light reactions of using. Photosynthesis supply the Calvin cycle a, B, C, D, and E to the! Be reddish yellow in daytime, thus reducing loss of water ) gradient that result can still electrons. Not see- through. cycle in 1 hour provide electrons to the stroma. by-product of direct by-product of a.... Exposing inner mitochondrial membranes to ultrasonic vibrations will disrupt the membranes can continue to fix carbon.. Of chemiosmosis ( See Chapter 4 ) considered to have antioxidant properties in human nutrition ATP and NADPH by...... generation of proton gradients across membranes occurs during a ) photosynthesis electrons to the flask...